Highland Income Fund May Get An NAV Pop From The Credit Suisse Litigation




HFRO Logo (HFRO web site)

Written by George Spritzer, co-produced by Alpha Gen Capital

Author’s note: This article was released to Yield Hunting members on Oct. 9, 2022. Please check latest data before investing.

(Data below is sourced from the Highland Income Fund website unless otherwise stated.)

Fund History

HFRO is an eclectic closed end fund that invests in a diverse set of asset classes: real estate, timber, CLOs, fixed and floating rate loans.

The fund is quite controversial. It was originally an open-end mutual fund (HFROX) that invested in floating rate loans. In 2017, when it appeared that the fund could win a large award from the Credit Suisse law suit, the fund started to attract a lot of inflows and management got shareholder approval to convert the open-end mutual fund into a closed-end fund- (NYSE:HFRO).

The fund later changed its objectives and now owns a more eclectic set of assets, not just floating rate loans.

Investment Approach

  • The primary objective is to provide a high level of current income, consistent with preservation of capital.
  • Currently uses effective leverage of about 12%, but that varies over time based on market conditions.
  • Invests at least 25% in assets directly or indirectly secured by real estate.
  • Focuses on real estate securities, floating rate securities, secured and unsecured fixed-rate loans and corporate bonds, mezzanine securities, structured products, convertible and preferred securities and equities (public and private).

Three Year Discount History for HFRO

discount history for HFRO

HFRO discount history (cefconnect)

Here is the asset allocation breakdown as of June 30, 2022:

Portfolio Allocation Breakdown



Real Estate










Source: HFRO Fund Fact Sheet Q2 2022

Portfolio- Top 10 Holdings (as of June 30, 2022)

top 10 holdings HFRO

HFRO Top 10 Holdings (HFRO web site)

Portfolio Review- Recent Developments Since My HFRO Article From Last Year

  • October, 2021- HFRO announced that it decided to withdraw the proposals to convert the Fund from a registered investment company to a diversified holding company. They did a $40 million common share buyback over the next six months (up to $7 million per month), bolstering efforts to reduce the discount between the Fund’s market price and net asset value (“NAV”), and increasing shareholder communications to improve the understanding of the Fund’s strategy and current portfolio. The Adviser posted a progress report on the buyback to the Fund’s website, which was updated monthly. The buybacks were completed in March, 2022.
  • March 2022- Update on Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Inc. “MGM”

“On March 17, 2022, Amazon announced it had closed its previously announced acquisition of MGM. As a result of the deal closing, HFRO received $73,284,758 in cash, reflecting the Fund’s direct ownership of MGM shares. The Fund also has indirect investments in MGM through which it is expected to receive approximately $45 million. In total, HFRO is expected to receive more than $118 million in cash from the transaction. Only proceeds from the Fund’s direct investment have been received at this time.”

“The MGM position has been a material contributor to value creation in HFRO over recent years,” said Joe Sowin, HFRO co-portfolio manager. “It was a pleasure to work with MGM management over the lifecycle of the investment and we wish them the best of luck as the newest division at Amazon.”

HFRO’s initial investment was in MGM’s debt, which converted to equity when the company emerged from bankruptcy in 2010. The Fund’s average cost was $24.59/share. The position generated a return of nearly 6 times the original investment.

Fund Performance

The NAV performance of HFRO has been quite good lately on a relative basis compared to the overall equity markets and its Morningstar bank loan fund peers. Over time, HFRO has been changing from a floating rate bank loan fund to more of a hedged fund with an emphasis on real estate.

Here is the year-by-year total return performance record since 2018 when the fund converted to closed-end fund format:

HFRO NAV Performance

HFRO Market Performance

Bank Loan NAV Performance

Rank in Category (NAV)




– 0.47%










– 1.26%












Three Year Annualized Fund Performance

HFRO Price




Bank Loan NAV


Alpha is Generated by High Discount + High Distributions

One of the main reasons to invest in HFRO now is the potential to capture “alpha” from the high discount and the possibility of future shareholder activism.

The distribution rate of 9.10% along with the 31.5% discount allows investors to capture some alpha by recovering a portion of the discount whenever a distribution is paid out.

When you recover NAV from a fund selling at a 31.5% discount, the percentage gain is 1.00/ 0.685 or about 46%. So the alpha generated by the 9.1% distribution is computed as:

(0.091)*(0.46)=0.0419 or about 4.19% a year.

Note that this is considerably more than the 1.67% baseline expense ratio.

Institutions hold about 35% of the shares.

Here are some activist investors that owned shares in HFRO as of June 30, 2022.

Activist #Shares
Thomas J. Herzfeld 2,487,502
Bulldog Investors, LLP 397,753
Advisor Group Holdings 844,116
Matisse Capital 52,262

What is the latest update on the Credit Suisse law suit?

On June 28, 2021, a judgment of $121 million was awarded against Credit Suisse to Claymore Holdings LLC. This is an entity formed to pursue the collective claims on behalf of HFRO and NXDT.

On July 23, 2021, Credit Suisse filed a notice of appeal of the judgment. The matter has been reviewed by the Dallas Court of Appeals, which previously ruled unanimously in favor of Claymore during the last round of appeals.

The total aggregate award consists of damages and prejudgment interest. The award will continue to accrue interest until the appeals process is exhausted. Any final judgment amount would be reduced by attorney fees and other litigation-related expenses.

The net proceeds would then be allocated to the Funds based on respective damages (approximately 82% to HFRO and 18% to NXDT). On October 11, 2022, oral arguments were presented at the Court of Appeals, Fifth District of Texas at Dallas.

Highland Income Fund

  • Total investment exposure: $1,151 Million
  • Total Common assets: $1,011 Million
  • Annual Distribution (Market) Yield= 9.02%
  • Last Regular Quarterly Distribution= $0.077 (Annual= $0.924)
  • Fund Baseline Expense ratio: 1.67%
  • Discount to NAV= -31.09%
  • Effective Leverage: 12%
  • Average 3 Month Daily Volume (shares)= 199,175 (Source: Yahoo Finance)
  • Average Daily Dollar Trading Volume = $2,000,000

HFRO is a fairly liquid stock and usually trades with a bid-asked spread of about three cents. There is often limited size available on both the bid and asked, so care must be taken when trading HFRO. If you use a market order, you will usually get some price improvement and receive a price somewhere between the bid and the asked price.

I believe that HFRO is a good purchase now for opportunistic investors.

If HFRO receives a significant award from the law suit, there should be a significant “pop” in the NAV which could be as high as $0.75 a share.

Even if HFRO ultimately loses the law suit and is awarded nothing, I feel the current 31% discount and high distribution yield makes the fund a decent buy in any event. If you look at the chart below showing year to date NAV and market price performance for HFRO, you can see that the volatility has been fairly low and performance has been quite good during the 2022 bear market.

HFRO- Year-To-Date NAV and Market Price

performance chart

HFRO YTD Performance (cefconnect)

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